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Matthew Thornton

Liberty Signer (1714 - 1803)

Like Josiah Bartlett, fellow NH signer of the Declaration of Independence, Matthew Thornton was a doctor. Like John Hancock, his name is best remembered today as that of a an insurance comapny. Unlike his contemporaries, Thonrton was not a New England native. Born in Northern Ireland in 1714, he became a respected New England physician. By 1745 he was a wealthy, single handsome doctor in Londonderry, NH. Thornton joined William Pepperrell's famous and successful seige on Louisburgh. As surgeon, Thornton's 100 men helped drag cannons all the way to Cape Bretton in Canada. Although in the royal militia, he became involved in the patriot cause, especially in importing weapons and raising funds. Thornton was not a member of the group that drafted the Declaration, but he was invited to sign, thus entering his name in the role of famous founders. He served on the NH court, legislature and governor's council and continued his medical practice. Thornton died at 89 while visitng friends in Newburyport, MA. Our search turned up precious little on the good doctor, on the Web and elsewhere .

Skilled, handsome, brave, Dr. Thornton
was hailed as a man of the people and of God

More Famous NH People 



Framers of Freedom: Matthew Thornton
Our short bio of the NH patriot on

Famous Figures of New Hampshire
Portraits in the Concord, NH state capitol building

Thornton Biography on Virtualogy

Thornton Bio on Colonial Hall
The most detailed from a very limited number of online biographies.

Thonton on Signers Page


Famous Irishmen in the American Revolution

Text of the Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence
Original documents of US law files

Louisburg and William Pepperell
This is Nathaniel Hawthore's essay on the men who launched the land battle in 1745, but good background.

National Archives
Official US Govt web site with special features related to the Declaration including "Join the Signers"


Grave in Thornton's Ferry, NH

Grave of Wife Hannah Thornton
(ad consoles)

NH Historic Marker, Merrimack, NH
(ad consoles)

Town of Merrimack, NH
(scroll down for History info)


Thornton, NH
Sorry, we couldn't find a town web site.

Thornton Family Geneaology Forum

Dr. Thonrton & Hannah Jack Genealogy

Matthew Thonront School, Londonderry, NH

Thornton Family History

Matthew Thornton Health Plan
Now owned by Anthem, Blue Cross


Search for out of print books on Bibliofind

We couldn't find a single book about Matthew Thornton. Know of one? Let uis know.

More Famous NH People

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